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Science and Innovation an International peer reviewed journal aims to set up an academic communicating platform for researchers all over the world on sciences.  The Journal invites concise reports of original research in all areas of sciences from any part of the world.  Review articles based primarily on authors own research on internationally important topics will be accepted.  Short communications and letters to the editor are also welcome.  Authors are requested to submit a covering letter indicating that their manuscript represents original unpublished material that has not been and will not be published elsewhere(if accepted). By submitting a manuscript the authors warrant that they have obtained permission to use any copyrighted or previously published materials. 

Copyright

The submission of a manuscript by authors implies that they automatically agree to assign exclusive copyright to the Science and Innovation if the manuscript is accepted for publication. All rights of the articles published in the Science and Innovation are reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, translated or transmitted in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical or otherwise) without permission from the journal.

Ethics

Human experiments should be performed only in accordance with the ethical standards provided by the responsible committee of the institution and in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki (as revised in Edinburgh 2000), available at http://www.wma.net/e/policy/b3.htm. Animal experiments should be in accordance with the instructions for the care and use provided by the institution at which the research was carried out. 

Manuscript Contents 

Authors

All authors should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for the content. Written approval signed by all authors should be presented with the manuscript. The sequence of author's names represent the degree of contribution. Co-authorship should be indentified in the manuscript.

 

Manuscript

The manuscript should be submitted online through online submission system or email to the Editorial Office at: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. Either method is applicable to submit manuscripts. Repeated submission is not necessary. The manuscript should be arranged in the following order: 1) Title Page, 2) Keywords, 3) Abstract, 4) Introduction, 5) Materials and Methods, 6) Results, 7) Discussion, 8) Acknowledgments, 9) References, 10) Tables, 11) Figure Legends, and 12) Figures. Please indicate the page of your manuscripts to facilitate reviewing. Short communications not exceeding two printed pages, including title, author affiliations, references, and one figure or table, are acceptable for rapid publication if requested by the authors. Letter to editor with criticisms or comments of less than 500 words and five references are welcome. Preference is given to letters related to articles published in the Science and Innovation an International Journal.

Title page

The title page should contain, on separate lines, the title of the manuscript, a running title of not more than 40 letters, the name(s) and affiliation(s) of the author(s), and the mailing address, telephone and fax numbers, and Email address of the corresponding author. The title must be informative, specific, and concise.

Keywords and Abstract

Provide 3-10 key words or phrases for indexing purposes, using terms from the latest US National Library of Medicine's Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) browser list at (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/meshhome.html). If appropriate MeSH terms are not available, other suitable terms may be used. Full-length submissions should include an abstract of up to 250.

Text

 The preferred format of all manuscripts are in MS Word (2003 or above). Manuscripts should be typewritten in double-space on standard sized paper (8.5"x11"), only on one side, with a 1" margin on all sides. The manuscript shall be prepared in Times New Roman using a font size of 12 and title shall be font size of 14, bold space capitals. All section titles in the manuscript shall be in font size 12, bold face capitals and subtitles in each section shall be in font size 12, bold face lower case. These subtitles should be typed in italics.

Abbreviations

The use of abbreviations, except for units of measure, is discouraged. At the first appearance in the abstract and the text, abbreviations should be preceded by words for which they stand.

Tables

Tables must be concise and cited consecutively using Arabic numerals in the text (Table 1, Table 2, etc.). Each table should be typed on a separate sheet. The title of the table should clearly indicate the nature of the contents and sufficient details should be included in the footnote to facilitate interpretation without reference to the text.

Figures

Figures(photographs, drawings, diagrams and charts) should be clear, easily legible and cited consecutively using Arabic numerals in the text (Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.). Please supply figures 1.5 to 2 times the size at which they will be finally reproduced. For line work, submit black-ink drawings of professional quality. Micrographs or other glossy photographs must be of the highest quality. If a figure comprises more than one glossy photograph, these should be marked A, B, C, etc. Figure legends should be marked clearly with the correspond letter. Legends should contain sufficient details to permit figure interpretation without reference to the text. Scale markers should be indicated in the photographs. Color plates are also welcome.

References

References are numbered consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text. Citation should be labelled in superscript parenthesis and should appear in front of the period or comma at the end of the sentence/clause.

Some examples are as follows:

Journal: Journal article up to six authors (list all authors) Prasad TNVKV, Elumalai EK. Biofabrication of Ag nanoparticles using Moringa oleifera leaf extract and their antimicrobial activity. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2011; 1(6): 439-42.

Journal article more than six authors (list first six and add et al.) Namıduru ES, Tarakçıoğlu M, Namıduru M, Kocabaş R, Erbağcı B, Meram I, et al. Increased serum nitric oxide and malondialdehyde levels in patients with acute intestinal amebiasis. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2011; 1(6): 478-81.

Book: Waugh N, Royle P, Craigie I, Ho V, Pandit L, Ewings P, et al. Screening for Cystic Fibrosis-Related Diabetes: A Systematic Review. Southampton (UK): NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies Coordinating Centre (UK); 2012, p. 15-8.

Chapter in a book: Cubler DJ. Dengue/Dengue haemorrhagic fever: history and current status, in new treatment strategies for dengue and other flaviviral diseases. In: Bock G, Goode J, editors. Novartis foundation symposium 277. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2008.

Electronic Sources as reference

Journal article on the Internet

Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs [serial on the Internet]. 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12];102(6):[about 3 p.]. Available from:http://www.nursingworld.org/AJN/2002/june/Wawatch.htm

Monograph on the Internet

Foley KM, Gelband H, editors. Improving palliative care for cancer [monograph on the Internet]. Washington: National Academy Press; 2001 [cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from: http://www.nap.edu/books/0309074029/html/.

Homepage/Web site

Cancer-Pain.org [homepage on the Internet]. New York: Association of Cancer Online Resources, Inc.; c2000-01 [updated 2002 May 16; cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from: http://www.cancer-pain.org/.

Part of a homepage/Web site

American Medical Association [homepage on the Internet]. Chicago: The Association; c1995-2002 [updated 2001 Aug 23; cited 2002 Aug 12]. AMA Office of Group Practice Liaison; [about 2 screens]. Available from:http://www.ama-assn.org/ama/pub/category/1736.html 

Acknowledgments

 

Authors should obtain written permission for everyone acknowledged by name, since readers may infer their endorsement of the paper and its conclusions.

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